Fort Manchac Declaration of War Historic Marker
The American Revolution in Iberville Parish
De Galvez informed his troops of the Spanish declaration of War
against the English when Fort Manchac was sighted in what is now
known as Iberville Parish on September 6, 1779 and the troops cheered
with patriotism moving on to fight the English
This type of inspirational moment is the source of History in the making and in order to give proper recognition showing Galvez helped America, he was awarded honorary US Citizenship and his portrait was displayed in year 2014 in the Congressional Senate Foreign Relations Committee Room
Sponsored by TBD
Line of sight from Iberville Parish to Fort Manchac (Fort Bute)
Historical Marker possibly located in the Historic Site area of Plaquemine
In 1775 three (3) Maps show the Mississippi River and thus Fort Manchac could have been 1 to 5 miles west as compared today, and the three locations are based on 1775 locations of the river.
Bottom of Chapter 1 appendix has details how this determined
Why was Bernardo De Galvez not recognized more for helping the USA? Even some Historians in Louisiana do not consider him much of a deal.
Galvez supplied many arms for the Continental Army, defended France in their war with the British and fought the Battle of Baton Rouge considered one of the most important battles of the American Revolution. Finally in 2014 Galvez portrait was displayed in the a Senate Committee room.
Explore Southern History
In 2014 Galvez's portrait was displayed in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee room.
with a future Very Impressive Statue
Sixteen (16) documents showing Bernardo De Galvez location and statements when he
informed his troops of the declaration of war against the English
Below information is in my words, the article/book chapter and pages references should be reviewed
Start of the American Revolutionary War in what is known as Iberville Parish by the Spanish declaration of the war against the English.
Because Iberville Parish is where the American Revolutionary War started by Bernardo De Galvez
declaring the Spanish War against the English, I believe an American Revolution War Site should be located in the Historic District of Plaquemine,
Three (3) documents showing Xa,b,c...
1. Bernardo De Galvez location when he informed his troops of the declaration of Spanish war against the English
2. Location of Fort Manchac
3. Fort Manchac is Fort Bute
4. Troops cheered
5. Troops were patriotic
6. September 6, 1779 is when the war of deceleration was given to the troops
8. Galvez is awarded honorary U.S. Citizens
(Xa) = Doc.1, (Xb) = Doc.2, (Xc) = Dco.3, (Xd) = Doc.4
On the (6a)6th of September 1779 about (1a)1.5 miles from (3aa)(2a)Fort Manchac Galvez informed his troops of the declaration of war against the English and they were (4a)joyed with (5a)patriotism to fight in the American Revolutionary War.
bottom of page 126 and top of page 127
One Officer was located on (3ab)Fort Bute, bottom of page 132
Only when Galvez was in (1b)sight of (2b)Manchac on (6b)September 6 he informed his men of the declaration of war.
Part 1 Paragraph 4
On (6c)September 6 when the force reached Fort Bute. Galvez informed his troops of the Spanish declaration of war and the true purpose of their mission, (4b)cheers were given.
Chapter: Spanish march, Bottom of document
(2c) Location of Fort Bute
(3b)Other names Fort Manchac, Manchac, Fort Bute
Top of page
U.S. fight for independence with help of the (5b)Galvez's patriots
Top first paragraph
American Revolutionary (5c)Patriots honored
Top of second paragraph underneath picture 2
(3c)Fort Manchac took on the name Fort Bute
Top of page 124
(1c)Fort Bute flag in sight
Page 414 bottom of second paragraph
(4c)Cheer after cheer followed Galvez
Top of page 169
On the (6d)6th of September 1779 about (1d)1.5 miles from (3da)(2d)Fort Manchac Galvez informed his troops of the declaration of war against the English and they were (4d)joyed with (5d)patriotism to fight in the American Revolutionary War.
Page 42, second to last paragraph
(4e)Exciting cheers from the men when informed by Galvez
Chapter: Spanish March, top of second paragraph
(7a)(8a) Portrait hanging ceremony in Dec. 99 2014, top of paragraph No. 8
In 2014 Galvez's portrait was displayed in the Senate Foreign Relations Committee room.
When Gálvez Came to Congress.
(7B)Video of the portrait hanging ceremony
Teresa Valcarce - Bernardo de Galvez portrait's ceremony
(7C)(8b) Mission new life for Bernardo de Galvez portrait
Congress keeps 231-year-old promise to honor hero
(8c) Congress grants honorary U.S. citizenship to Bernardo de Gálvez
Bernardo De Gálvez burial site:
I looked at all the graves and could not find him. If you can find him please give a count from
beginning left where you see his grave.
His heart is an urn and may not be at the location shown in the link.
Bernardo De Galvez body is in one location and his heart is in a different location as shown on the above site.
The cemetery for his body is :
Panteon San Fernando AKA Church of San Fernando
Mexico City, Cuauhtémoc Borough, Distrito Federal, Mexico
Cemetery ID 2160773
The Cemetery for his heart is shown in the link
Metropolitan Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary
Also known as: Catedral Metropolitana de la Asuncian de Maria
Mexico City, Cuauhtémoc Borough, Distrito Federal, Mexico
Bayou Manchac Iberville River (Site has links referring the battle)
Iberville Parish should have an Historical Marker: Battle of Fort Manchac (Fort Bute)
Also a history video should be made of the sequenced march from New Orleans- Bayou Manchac- Baton Rouge ' Natchez.
Spanish battles associated Historical Markers (With links to History and Videos)
HISTORY OF LOUISIANA THE SPANISH DOMINATION BY CHARLES GAYARRE
Entered according to an Act of Congress 1854
See Bottom Of Chapter for the Galvez March, New Orleans-Fort Manchac-Baton Rouge-Natchez
...These troops when united formed a body of fourteen hundred and thirty men Although they were provided with no tents and with none of those articles which are usually deemed necessary to an army entering upon a campaign yet they marched on with unabated ardor and much order through the thick woods which at that time shaded a considerable portion of the banks of the river With a view to guard against surprises the colored men and the Indians were ordered to keep ahead of the main body of the troops at a distance of about three quarters of a mile and closely to reconnoitre the woods Next came the veteran troops whose left was protected by the river and by the artillery of the boats and whose right rested on the forest The militia formed the rear guard On the 6th of September 1779 the Spaniards came in sight of Fort Manchac situated at a distance of about one hundred and fifteen miles from New Orleans But disease and the fatigues of the journey had caused a diminution of more than one third in their number It was only when he was about a mile and a half from the fort that Galvez informed his troops of the declaration
FORT MANCHAC CARRIED BY STORM Page 127 of war against the English and of the positive instructions he had received to attack their establishments This communication was responded to with demonstrations of joy a general disposition was shown to come to close quarters with the enemy and there was exhibited a patriotic emulation as to which should distinguish himself most in the service of the king On the 7th in the morning the regulars were posted in an advantageous position with the intention of opposing them to a body of four hundred Englishmen who were said to be coming with artillery and provisions to the relief of Manchac and the assault was given to the fort by the militia with complete success...
Bayou Manchac location connected to the Mississippi River
HISTORY OF LOUISIANA THE SPANISH DOMINATION BY CHARLES GAYARRE 1854 KEDFIELD 110 AND 112 NASSAU STREET NEW YORK
Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1854 BY CHARLES GAYARRE In the Clerk's office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York
GALVEZ READY TO ATTACK THE ENGLISH Page 125 through the ceremony of his installation amidst the increasing enthusiasm and shouts of the whole population and immediately after hastened to accelerate his preparations with the united assistance and efforts of the colonists Still concealing his real designs the governor gave out that he was going to post his troops in those places to which he expected that the first attacks of the English would be directed He ordered down to New Orleans all the boats which had been spared by the hurricane at those points on the river where its violence had not been so much felt One schooner and three gunboats were raised out of the river into which they had sunk and the provisions ammunition and artillery were put in them The artillery consisted of ten pieces one twenty four five eighteen and four four pounders under the command of Don Julien Alvarez who although his health was greatly impaired took charge with alacrity of the trust reposed in him This small fleet was to go up the river at the same time with the army in order to supply its wants On the 26th of August Galvez gave the command of New Orleans and of the garrison which was left in it to Lieutenant Colonel Don Pedro Piernas and delivered up the civil administration of the province during his absence to the contador or comptroller Don Martin Navarro He appointed as second in command to himself in the campaign which he was to undertake Colonel Don Manuel Gonzales next in rank came Don Estevan Miro and Jacinto Panis with the commissary of war Don Juan Antonio Gayarre These were to be under him the principal actors in the expedition On the 27th these arrangements being made the governor took his departure in the morning to recruit at the German and Acadian Coasts all the men that he
Page 126 DEPARTURE OF THE EXPEDITION might prevail upon to join him on the same day in the afternoon his small army put itself in motion It was composed of 170 veteran soldiers 330 recruits 20 carabiniers 60 militiamen and 80 free blacks and mulattoes of Oliver Pollock the agent of the American Congress with nine of his countrymen as volunteers making a total of 670 men without one single engineer among them says the Supplement to the Madrid Gazette which relates all the details of this expedition They were reinforced on the way by 600 men of every condition and color besides 160 Indians who had been gathered up at the German Coast at the Acadian Coast at Opelousas Attakapas and Pointe Coupee These troops when united formed a body of fourteen hundred and thirty men Although they were provided with no tents and with none of those articles which are usually deemed necessary to an army entering upon a campaign yet they marched on with unabated ardor and much order through the thick woods which at that time shaded a considerable portion of the banks of the river With a view to guard against surprises the colored men and the Indians were ordered to keep ahead of the main body of the troops at a distance of about three quarters of a mile and closely to reconnoitre the woods Next came the veteran troops whose left was protected by the river and by the artillery of the boats and whose right rested on the forest The militia formed the rear guard On the 6th of September 1779 the Spaniards came in sight of Fort Manchac situated at a distance of about one hundred and fifteen miles from New Orleans But disease and the fatigues of the journey had caused a diminution of more than one third in their number It was only when he was about a mile and a half from the fort that Galvez informed his troops of the declaration
FORT MANCHAC CARRIED BY STORM Page 127 of war against the English and of the positive instructions he had received to attack their establishments This communication was responded to with demonstrations of joy a general disposition was shown to come to close quarters with the enemy and there was exhibited a patriotic emulation as to which should distinguish himself most in the service of the king On the 7th in the morning the regulars were posted in an advantageous position with the intention of opposing them to a body of four hundred Englishmen who were said to be coming with artillery and provisions to the relief of Manchac and the assault was given to the fort by the militia with complete success Gilbert Antoine de St Maxent brother in law to ex Governor Unzaga was the first who entered the fort through one of its embrasures The garrison was composed of a captain a first lieutenant and a second lieutenant with twenty privates of whom one was killed and five escaped with one of the lieutenants The rest remained prisoners of war This certainly was no great exploit On the 8th the inventory of the fort was made six days of rest were allowed to the troops and on the 13th they resumed their march for Baton Rouge which is only fifteen miles from Manchac At a mile and a half from Baton Rouge the army took its quarters and the artillery was landed from the boats Already had Grand Pre with all the forces which he had been able to bring with him from Pointe Coupee occupied a position between Baton Rouge and Natchez in order to interrupt all communication between these two places as he actually did after having possessed himself of two English posts one of which was on Thompson's Creek and the other on the Amite forcing their garrisons to surrender themselves prisoners of war.
Page 128 SIEGE OF BATON ROUGE Governor Galvez having with some officers reconnoitre the fort of Baton Rouge saw that it would be impossible to carry it by storm on account of its strength This fort was surrounded by a ditch eighteen feet wide and nine in depth it had besides very high walls with a parapet protected with clievaux defrise and a garrison of four hundred regulars and one hundred militiamen and was supplied with thirteen pieces of heavy artillery The governor also considered that the greater portion of his forces consisted of natives of the country among whom there were many heads of families and that a victory would be dearly bought by the blood which it would cost and the desolation it would spread in the colony Therefore resisting the repeated and pressing solicitations of his troops to be led to the assault he resolved to open trenches and establish batteries There was near the fort a wood which projected towards it in the shape of a triangle This at the first glance seemed the most favorable spot from which to attack and this the governor chose to deceive the enemy and to divert their attention from the point where he intended to carry on his works Thither he sent a detachment of militia supported by the colored companies and the Indians in order that under cover of the trees and during the night they should make as much noise as possible and simulate an attack The English wasted and spent in vain their ammunition by firing with ball and grape at that part of the wood from which they thought they would be assailed whilst in the meantime the Spaniards without being incommoded were erecting their batteries within musket shot of the fort behind a garden which concealed their operations The English discovered the stratagem when
BATON ROUGE AND NATCHEZ TAKEN Page 129 it was too late and when the besiegers had succeeded in sheltering themselves from the shot of their enemies On the following day the 21st of September at daybreak the Spanish batteries under the direction of Don Julien Alvarez were plied with such accuracy and effect that notwithstanding the briskness of the fire of the besieged the fort was so dismantled by half past three in the afternoon that the English sent two officers with a flag of truce to propose articles of capitulation Galvez would assent to no terms but those he was willing to offer which were that the garrison should surrender at discretion and at the same time that Fort Panmure at Natchez should be delivered up to him with its garrison composed of eighty grenadiers and their officers The English accepted these conditions and after a delay of twenty four hours which was granted to them during which they were observed to be engaged in burying a considerable number of dead bodies they came out with military honors and marched five hundred paces from the fort when they delivered up their arms and flags and remained prisoners of war The veteran troops which thus surrendered consisted of three hundred and seventy five men At the same time Galvez despatched a captain with fifty men to take possession of Fort Panmure at Natchez which is about one hundred and thirty miles distant from Baton Rouge This fort it would have been very difficult to carry by force because it was situated on an elevated and steep hill and was difficult of access In these two forts of Baton Rouge and Natchez was found a considerable number of militiamen and free negroes with arms in their hands They were set free on account of the difficulty of keeping securely so many prisoners Whilst the expedition was meeting with so signal a 9
Fort Manchac Locations from qty = 3 year 1700 maps
Below link has three year 1700 maps and they were over laid with present maps. Located Fort Manchac area from approximate 0 miles to 1 mile up stream of the Mississippi River from Bayou Manchac. Also located where Galvez was when he seen Fort Manchac. #1 locations are red, #2 locations are blue and #3 locations are green. These area locations were performed by visual marking on a present map from overlay compare maps at the year 1700 map site and may not be very accurate but the as-seen Fort Manchac circles are well within Iberville Parish boundaries and, I believe, should be considered 100% in Iberville parish because of long distance to the parish boundaries. This should be verified by an expert.
Basis for Fort Manchac location is from a plot which shows Fort Manchac about 0.5 miles north of Bayou Manchac linked below and two other documents showing Fort Manchac is close to Bayou Manchac. See #2 reference documents in my 16 documents references of my original sent PDF of Fort Manchac and the Spanish Declaration of War
against the English, Historic Marker document.
(2c) Location of Fort Bute
Link and explanation of the maps.
There are 3 maps with 1775 published dates, click on the first one, click view this map, click VIEW IN GEOREFERENCER, click overlay and compare at the bottom right, slide the blue dot “course of the river” for overlay status viewing, and zoom to Bayou Manchac. Select data points to see where the 1775 map is compared to present map. Possible location of Fort Manchac can be seen and how far down stream Galvez would need to be to see Fort Manchac. Do this for the other two maps for 1775.
Below is my approximate locations and squared location are where Fort Manchac is with circled locations being where Galvez may have been when he seen Fort Manchac.
All three as-seen by Galvez of Fort Manchac is well within Iberville Parish and Fort Manchac locations are borderline in Iberville Parish.
Interesting, two maps show the Mississippi River may have flowed close to Crescent in Iberville Parish in 1775. In all three maps the river was more west than present and placed Galvez even more into Iberville parish than previous map I used in my presented PDF.
Spanish Fort in New Orleans
Manchac Pass Lighthouse
Google coordinates for Lighthouse location and is about 19 feet south east of the Google structure visible edge.
Right click on below link and new tab, click on light blue teardrop for lighthouse coordinates
Lake Pontratrain Basin Maritime Museum